On Feb. 9 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted four laws within the local self-government reform and decentralization in the second and final readings, namely:
– Law “On Amendments to Some Laws of Ukraine concerning the acquisition of authority by village, town and city mayors”.
The legal act defines the procedure for acquisition of powers and limits the newly elected heads to combine their official duties with other activities. Moreover, before the acquisition of powers a village, town or city mayor should undergo compulsory registration by the relevant territorial election commission.
– Law “On Amendments to Some Legislative Acts of Ukraine concerning the Status of a Village, Town Headman”.
The law defines the limits of headman’s duties, his/her powers, grounds and reasons for his/her resignation, guarantees of duties etc. Moreover, the document introduces a new concept of territory formation called “starostynskyi okruh” (eng. headman district). According to the concept, the boundaries of districts will coincide with the territories, controlled by the councils of amalgamated local communities (ALCs). This innovation will promote the ubiquity of the headman concept within an ALC and guarantee the rights and interests of all residents of villages and towns.
– Law “On Amendments to some Legislative Acts of Ukraine concerning voluntary amalgamation of local communities”.
This legal act enables communities to join established ALCs under the simplified procedure. The law aims at the formation of really “wealthy communities” and defines the characteristic features, under which a newly created community can be considered as wealthy.
Thus, this community should be formed around the center, determined by a perspective plan of formation of territories of local communities, and at least half of the number of residents, specified by the plan, should live there. In this case, every successive local community should join this community under the simplified procedure.
Joining an ALC provides the election of deputies to the board of the ALC, however, the election of the ALC head isn’t held. Thus, representation of all areas in the newly created community should be promoted.
– Law “On service in local self-government bodies”.
This law establishes new principles of service in local self-government bodies. The document introduces a new division of posts in local government bodies into categories, contains requirements for political objectiveness of employees, professional requirements for the post applicants, determines a competition procedure, etc.