On Jan. 26 the online edition VoxUkraine published the Index for Monitoring Reforms (iMoRe), which reflects reform-related activity of Ukrainian ministries.
According to the ranking the first three places went to the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade (109 points), the Ministry of Finance (77 points) and the Ministry of Justice (65 points). Other ministries received less than 32 points. The assessment in the ranking is a sum of points received by all reform-related acts initiated by the ministry for two years. The rating actually reflects contribution of ministries to reform process, but it can not be considered as comprehensive assessment of the government or an individual ministry.
Number of reform-related acts in 2016 decreased by 35% compared to the previous year. Major changes occurred in the following areas: corruption fighting, deregulation, banking, energy and public service.
The best initiatives of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade include ProZorro implementation, accession to the relevant WTO agreement, increase of gas tariffs and reform of corporate management of “Naftogaz”. On the other hand, increase of the state order in higher education in 2016 was called the anti-reform of the year.
Top reform of the Ministry of Finance is considered to be launch of the single window at customs. Certain acts, such as establishment of common indicators of customs value of goods in Sept. 2015 and introduction of fixed salary for administrators of government authorities received negative assessment of experts.
The acts initiated by the Ministry of Justice which received the highest score include amendments to the law on joint stock companies, which allowed the government to hold a meeting of shareholders and receive dividends from “Ukrnafta”, launch of an online service and opening of access to several registers.
The Law on Gas Market adopted by the Ministry of Energy (32 points) is recognized as the first step towards liberalization of gas market and creation of conditions for competition among suppliers.
The Ministry of Regional Development (31 points) received the highest score for the “Open Data” initiative.
The main decision of the Ministry of Infrastructure (27 points) is considered to be disclosure of data on procurement of all subordinate enterprises and decision to carry out tender procurements with online broadcast of the winner election process.
Transfer of a part of procurements of medicines for international organizations, which significantly reduced corruption opportunities is recognized as the most prominent decision of the Ministry of Health (26 points).
The most important legislative initiatives of the Ministry of Social Policy include granting of an opportunity for local government employees to receive additional salary from local budgets and reduction of the list of occupations that are entitled to preferential retirement.
The Ministry of Education (18 points) succeeded in adoption of a law on science and research activities, creation of a national repository of academic texts and implementation of a competition procedure for appointing principals.
The Ministry of Agriculture (13 points) received the highest score for elimination of the state bioethanol production monopoly.
As of the end of Jan. 2017 according to VoxUkraine Index for Monitoring Reforms in Ukraine is zero for the first time since its inception in Jan. 2015. It means that over the past month there have been no legislative acts which can be considered as a reform.
The Online edition VoxUkraine was founded in 2014 by Timothy Milovanov a Professor of the University of Pittsburgh as an independent analytical platform.