On Feb. 14 The Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation published the results of a social research “Reforms in Ukraine: the people’s view”. The national survey was conducted for three years, with the participation of the Razumkov Centre (Dec. 2014, July 2015, Dec. 2016) and Kiev International Institute of Sociology (Dec. 2015). About 2 000 people aged 18 and older took part at each stage of the survey. The study covers all regions of Ukraine except Crimea and the occupied territories of Donetsk and Lugansk regions.
According to the opinion of 75% of respondents, Ukrainian government should primarily focus on achieving peace in Donbass. Last year this opinion was expressed by 78.5% of respondents. Also, Ukrainians mentioned the following priorities of the government: price control and reduction of utility rates (56.4% in 2016, 44.8% in 2015), the economy development and creation of favorable conditions for business (48.2% in 2016, 43.3% in 2015), fight against corruption, increase of pensions and salaries. It should be noted that the number of people who assign anti-corruption activity a high priority decreased from 56.3% in 2015 to 45.6% in 2016.
At the same time, whether the smallest number of respondents believed that the main tasks of the authorities should be public administration reform (namely the appointment of honest and qualified specialists) – 15.9%, local self-government reform and decentralization – 10.4%, European integration issue – 10.6%.
35% of Ukrainians said that they could be tolerant towards the deterioration of the economic situation for the sake of the implementation of reforms. However, only 11% believed that they could wait as long as needed, and 24% – not more than a year. It should be noted that in Dec. 2014, the percentage of people ready to endure economic difficulties for the sake of reforms was higher and amounted to 45%.
At the same time, 31% of respondents are not willing to suffer for the sake of reforms, 23.5% – don’t believe in the success of reforms.
In general, Ukrainians noted that in 2016 there was a deterioration in most life areas. 88.5% of respondents are concerned with the increase of prices and tariffs, 77% – with the economic recession, 75% – with reducing stability in the country. Moreover, there are pessimistic attitudes toward the confidence in the future, family welfare, and public perception of the government. In general, according to the majority of respondents, namely 73%, the situation in the country has changed for the worse.
However, 40% of Ukrainians noted the improvement only in one area, namely in the national defense capability.
Source: Ilko kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation